Bibliography 1631 & 1639

Rob van Gent By Rob van Gent

The bibliographic entries are ordered chronologically – the earliest ones first and the most recent ones at the end. I am always grateful for further references and additions that have escaped my notice. Contact me at: r.vangent@transitofvenus.nl.

I: Kepler’s Observation of a ‘Transit of Mercury’ in 1607

Johannes Kepler, Außführlicher Bericht von dem newlich im Monat Septembri und Octobri diß 1607. Jahrs erschienenen Haarstern, oder Cometen, und seinen Bedeutungen. Sampt vorgehendem ganz newem und seltzamen aber wolgegrundeten Discurs. Was eigentlich die Cometen seyen, woher sie kommen, durch wen ihre Bewegung geregieret werden und welcher gestallt sie dem menschlichen Geschlecht etwas anzudeuten haben (Erasmus Hynizsch, Halle, 1608) = Ch. Frisch (ed.), Joannis Kepleri, Astronomi: Opera Omnia (Heyder/Zimmer, Frankfurt/Erlangen, 1868), vol. 7, pp. 23-41 = M. Caspar & F. Hammer (eds.), Johannes Kepler Gesammelte Werke (C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich, 1941), vol. IV, pp. 55-76, 426-429 & 488-489.

Johannes Kepler, Phænomenon singulare seu Mercurius in Sole. Cum digressione de causis, cur Dionysius Abbas Christianos minus iusto à Nativitate Christi Domini numerare docuerit: De capite & anni Ecclesiastici (Thomas Shurer, Leipzig, 1609) = Ch. Frisch (ed.), Joannis Kepleri, Astronomi: Opera Omnia (Heyder/Zimmer, Frankfurt/Erlangen, 1859), vol. 2, pp. 773-808 & 835-838 = M. Caspar & F. Hammer (eds.), Johannes Kepler Gesammelte Werke (C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich, 1941), vol. IV, pp. 77-98, 429-433 & 489-492 – translated into French by Jean Peyroux, Jean Kepler: Passage de Mercure sur le soleil, avec la préface de Frisch, suivi de L’origine des races d’après Moïse (Librairie A. Blanchard, Paris, 1995), pp. 3-41 & 97-105.

II: Prediction and Observations of the 1631 Transits of Mercury and Venus

Johannes Kepler, Ad Vitellionem Paralipomena, quibus Astronomiæ pars Optica traditur; Potißimùm de artificiosa observatione et æstimatione diametrorum deliquiorumque Solis & Lunæ, cum exemplis insignium eclipsium (Claudium Marnium & Haeredes Ioannis Aubrii, Frankfurt, 1604), p. 305 = Ch. Frisch (ed.), Joannis Kepleri, Astronomi: Opera Omnia (Heyder/Zimmer, Frankfurt/Erlangen, 1859), vol. 2, pp. 321 & 431 = F. Hammer (ed.), Johannes Kepler Gesammelte Werke (C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich, 1939), vol. II, pp. ??? & ??? – translated into English by William H. Donahue, Johannes Kepler: Optics, Paralipomena to Witelo & Optical Part of Astronomy (Green Lion Press, Santa Fe, 2000), p. 316.

Johannes Kepler, Tabulae Rudolphinae (Ulm, 1627) – translated into French by Jean Peyroux, Jean Kepler: Tables Rudolphines: Suivies de l’emploi dans les Calculs Astrologiques (Librairie A. Blanchard, Paris, 1986).

Johannes Kepler, De raris mirisque Anni 1631. Phænomenis, Veneris putà & Mercurii in Solem incursu, Admonitio ad Astronomos, rerumque coelestium studiosos (Joan-Albertus Minzelius, Leipzig, 1629) = Ch. Frisch (ed.), Joannis Kepleri, Astronomi: Opera Omnia (Heyder/Zimmer, Frankfurt/Erlangen, 1868), vol. 7, pp. 589-596 = V. Bialas (ed.), Johannes Kepler Gesammelte Werke (C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich, 1983), vol. XI.1, pp. 475-482, 511-512 & 584-586 – translated into French by Jean Peyroux, Jean Kepler: Passage de Mercure sur le soleil, avec la préface de Frisch, suivi de L’origine des races d’après Moïse (Librairie A. Blanchard, Paris, 1995), pp. 43-55 & 105-106.

Johannes Kepler, Tomi Primi. Ephemeridum Ioannis Kepleri Pars Tertia, Complexa annos à M.DC.XXIX. in M.DC.XXXVI in quibus & Tabb. Rudolphi jam perfectis (Typographeio Ducali, Sagan, 1630) = Ch. Frisch (ed.), Joannis Kepleri, Astronomi: Opera Omnia (Heyder/Zimmer, Frankfurt/Erlangen, 1868), vol. 7, pp. 566-580 & 586-589, 597-666 [excerpts only] = V. Bialas (ed.), Johannes Kepler Gesammelte Werke (C.H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Munich, 1983), vol. XI.1, pp. 301-459 & 579-583 – translated into French by Jean Peyroux, Jean Kepler: Éphémérides, Ans 1617 à 1636 compris (Librairie A. Blanchard, Paris, 1994), pp. 461-724.

Pierre Gassendi, Mercurius in sole visus, et Venus invisa Parisiis Anno 1631: Pro voto, & Admonitione Keppleri: Cujus heic sunt ea de re Epistolæ Duæ cum Observatis quibusdam alijs (Sebastian Cramoisy, Paris, 1632) = Petrus Gassendi: Opera Omnia (Laurentius Anisson, Lyon, 1658), vol. 4, pp. 499-510 – translated into French by Jean Peyroux, Jean Kepler: Passage de Mercure sur le soleil, avec la préface de Frisch, suivi de L’origine des races d’après Moïse (Librairie A. Blanchard, Paris, 1995), pp. 57-77 & 106-108.

Wilhelm Schickard, Pars responsi ad epistolas P. Gassendi de Mercurio sub Sole viso . . . (???, Tübingen, 1632).

Pierre Gassendi, Commentarii de rebus cælestibus, in: Petrus Gassendi: Opera Omnia (Laurentius Anisson, Lyon, 1658), vol. 4, p. 104 – translated into French by Jean Peyroux, Gassendi (Pierre Gassend): Commentaires au sujet des choses célestes. Fascicule I: An 1618 à 1636 (Librairie A. Blanchard, Paris, 1999), p. 58.

Lucius Barrettus [= Albertus Curtius], Historia coelestis ex libris commentariis manuscriptis observationum vicennalium viri generosi Tichonis Brahe Dani (Simon Utzschneider, Augsburg, 1666), pp. 955-956 – details of the 1631 transit of Mercury observation by Johannes Remus Quietanus.

Pierre Humbert, L’oeuvre astronomique de Gassendi (Hermann, Paris, 1936).

Pierre Humbert, “A propos du passage de Mercure, 1631”, Revue d’histoire des sciences et de leurs applications, 3 (1950), 27-31.

Albert van Helden, “The Importance of the Transit of Mercury of 1631”, Journal for the History of Astronomy, 7 (1976), 1-10.

Albert van Helden, Measuring the Universe: Cosmic Dimensions from Aristarchus to Halley (University of Chicago Press, Chicago/London, 1985).

Simone Dumont, Jean Meeus & Marcel Anstett, “Passage de Mercure devant le Soleil, observé par Gassendi (1592-1655), le 7 novembre 1631”, L’Astronomie, 106 (1992), nr. 4 [avril], 5-7.

“Observations planétaires”, in: Anthony Turner & Nadine Gomez (eds.), Pierre Gassendi. Explorateur des Sciences: Quatrième centenaire de la naissance de Pierre Gassendi. Catalogue de l’Exposition (Musée de Digne, Digne-les-Bains, 1992), pp. 147-151.

Albert van Helden, “Gassendi and the Telescope: Toward a Research Community”, in: Quadricentenaire de la naissance de Pierre Gassendi 1592-1992: Actes du Colloque International Pierre Gassendi, Digne-les-Bains, 18-21 Mai 1992 (Société Scientifique et Littéraire des Alpes de Haute-Provence, Digne-les-Bains, 1994), tome II, pp. 329-339.

III: Observations of the 1639 Transit of Venus

Johannes Hevelius, Mercurius in sole visus Gedani, anno [...] MDCLXI, d. III Maji, st. n. cum aliis quibusdam rerum coelestium observationibus rarisque phaenomenis: Cui annexa est Venus in Sole pariter visa, anno 1639, d. 24 Nov. st. v. Liverpoliae, a Jeremia Horroxio, nunc primum edita notisque illustrata. Quibus accedit [...] Historiola, novae illius, ac mirae stellae in collo Ceti (S. Reiniger, Dantzig, 1662) – 181 pp. – an English translation of Horrock’s discourse was printed in Whatton (1859), pp. 109-216.

John Wallis (ed.), Jeremiae Horrocci Liverpoliensis Angli ex Palinatu Lancastriæ: Opera posthuma, viz. Astronomia Kepleriana, defensa & promota, Excerpta ex epistolis ad Crabtraeum suum, Observationum coelestium catalogus, Lunae theoria nova / accedunt Guilielmi Crabtraei [...] Observationes coelestes ; in calce adjiciuntur Johannis Flamstedii [...] De temporis aequatione diatriba, Numeri ad Lunae theoriam Horroccianam (Gulielmi Godeid, London, 1672) – xvi+496 pp. – reprinted in 1673, and again in 1678 with a 69-page appendix by John Wallis (Moses Pitt, London).

Astrophilus [= ???], “An account of Mr. Horrox’s observation of the transit of Venus over the Sun, in the year 1639”, The Annual Register, or a View of the History, Politics, and Literature, for the Year 1761, 4 (1761), 192-196 [as printed in the 3rd ed. of 1772] – also published as: “History of the Transit of Venus in 1639”, Gentleman’s Magazine, 31 (1761), 222-225.

[Anon.?], “Historisch berigt wegens de waarneemingen van den doorgang van Venus door de Zon, gedaan in den jaare 1639”, Algemeene oefenschoole van konsten en weetenschappen, 6de afdeeling, 4 (1763), 398-404 – Dutch translation of the above?

Louis-Gabriel Michaud (ed.), Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne, où histoire, par ordre alphabétique, de la vie publique et privée de tous les hommes qui sont fait remarquer par leurs écrits, leurs actions, leurs talents, leurs vertus ou leurs crimes, nouv. éd. (Mme C. Desplaces, Paris, 1857), vol. 19, pp. 651-652.

Rev. Arundell Blount Whatton, Memoir of the Life and Labors of the Rev. Jeremiah Horrox, Curate of Hoole, near Preston; to which is appended a Translation of his Celebrated Discourse upon the Transit of Venus across the Sun (Wertheim, MacIntosh & Hunt, London, 1859) – xvi+216 pp. – Horrock’s discourse was partially reprinted in: Harlow Shapley & Helen E. Howarth (eds.), A Source Book in Astronomy (McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York/London, 1929), pp. 58-62.

Robert Brickel, In Memoriam Horroccii: The Transits of Venus, 1639-1874, or, A Chapter of Romance in Science (???, Preston, 1874) – 60 pp. – partly reprinted in 1998 to commemorate the building of the Brickel Vestry of St Michael’s Church in Much Hoole.

“[Proposal to erect a commemorative plaque for Jeremiah Horrocks]”, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 34 (1874), 275.

John Eglington Bailey, “Jeremiah Horrocks and William Crabtree, Observers of the Transit of Venus, 24. November 1639”, The Palatine Note-Book, 2 (1882), 253-266.

John Eglington Bailey, “The Writings of Jeremiah Horrox and William Crabtree”, The Palatine Note-Book, 3 (1883), 17-22.

John Eglington Bailey, The Writings of Jeremiah Horrox and William Crabtree, Observers of the Transit of Venus, Nov. 23, 1639 (???, Manchester, 1883) – reprinted from The Palatine Note-Book.

John Eglington Bailey, “Jeremiah Horrox”, The Observatory, 6 (1883), 318-328.

G. Stanley Dodgson, “Jeremiah Horrocks and the Transit of Venus”, Journals and Transactions of the Leeds Astronomical Society, 7 (1899), 25-31.

“[Oxford Notes on Three Paintings of the 1639 Transit of Venus]”, The Observatory, 26 (1903), 402-403.

Edward Ball Knobel, “Madox Brown’s Pictures of Crabtree”, The Observatory, 26 (1903), 424.

William Thomas Bulpit, “Misconceptions concerning Jeremiah Horrocks, the Astronomer”, The Observatory, 37 (1914), 335-337.

Albert D. Watson, “Horrox”, Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 9 (1915), 271-284.

G. Napier Clark, “Sketch of the Life and Works of Rev. Jeremiah Horrox”, Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 10 (1916), 523-536.

Elia Millosevich, “Qualche accenno sui primi osservatori dei passaggi di Mercurio e di Venere sul disco del sole e specialmente di Geremia Horrox”, Atti della Società Italiana per il progresso delle scienze: VIII riunione, Roma, 1916 (???, Rome, 1917), pp. ???-???.

R.T. Gould, Jeremiah Horrox: Astronomer (“to be had of no Bokesellers”, 1923).

Sidney Bertram Gaythorpe, “On Horrocks’s Treatment of the Eviction and the Equation of the Centre, with a Note on the Elliptic Hypothesis of Albert Curtz and its Correction by Boulliau and Newton”, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 85 (1925), 858-865.

Lawrence Hall, “The Birth-Place of Jeremiah Horrocks in Toxteth Park”, Transactions of the Historical Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 88 (1936), 249-255.

Sidney Bertram Gaythorpe, “Horrocks’s Observations of the Transit of Venus, 1639 November 24 (OS)”, Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 47 (1936), 60-68.

Sidney Bertram Gaythorpe, “Horrocks’s Observations and Contemporary Ephemerides”, Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 47 (1937) 156-157.

Frederick John Marrian Stratton, “Horrox and the Transit of Venus”, Occasional Notes of the Royal Astronomical Society, 7 (1939), 89-95.

M.A.E., “Tercentenary of the First Observed Transit of Venus”, The Observatory, 62 (1939), 285-289 [cf. also 63 (1940), 3-4].

Earnest Charles Watson, “An Interesting Tercentenary”, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 51 (1939), 305-314.

Henry Crozier Keating Plummer, “Jeremiah Horrocks and his Opera Posthuma”, Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 3 (1940/41), 39-52.

W.H. Watts, “Jeremiah Horrocks and the Transit of Venus of 1639”, North Western Naturalist, 15 (1940), 13-20.

Sidney Bertram Gaythorpe, “Jeremiah Horrocks: Date of Birth, Parentage and Family Associations”, Transactions of the Historical Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 106 (1954), 23-33.

Sidney Bertram Gaythorpe, “Horrocks’s Observations of the Transit of Venus, 1639 November 24 (OS): II. On the Probable Site from which the Observations were made”, Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 64 (1954), 309-315.

Sidney Bertram Gaythorpe, “Jeremiah Horrocks and his “New Theory of the Moon” ”, Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 67 (1957), 134-144.

Warin Foster Bushell, “Jeremiah Horrocks: The Keats of English Astronomy”, Mathematical Gazette, 43 (1959), 1-16 – reprinted in 1992 in the North-West Astronomers Series by the Liverpool Astronomical Society.

Victor Barocas, “Jeremiah Horrocks (1619-1641)”, Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 79 (1969), 223-226.

W.F. Spaulding, “A Country Curate”, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 12 (1971), 179-182.

Wilbur Applebaum, “Crabtree, William”, in: C.C. Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography (Charles Scribners Sons, New York, 1971), vol. 3, pp. 557-558.

Wilbur Applebaum, “Horrocks, Jeremiah”, in: C.C. Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography (Charles Scribners Sons, New York, 1972), vol. 6, pp. 514-516.

Curtis Wilson, “Horrocks, Harmonies and the Exactitude of Kepler’s Third Law”, in: E. Hilfstein, P. Czartoryski & F.D. Grande (eds.), Science and History: Studies in Honor of Edward Rosen (Ossolineum, Wroclaw, 1978 [= Studia Copernicana, nr. 16]), pp. 235-259.

Allan Chapman, Three North Country Astronomers (N. Richardson, Manchester, 1982) – 41 pp. – includes a biography of Jeremiah Horrocks.

Wilbur Applebaum & Robert A. Hatch, “Boulliau, Mercator, and Horrocks’s “Venus in sole visa”: Three Unpublished Letters”, Journal for the History of Astronomy, 14 (1983), 166-179.

Curtis Wilson, “On the Origins of Horrocks’s Lunar Theory”, Journal for the History of Astronomy, 18 (1987) 77-94.

Allan Chapman, “Jeremiah Horrocks and the Transit of Venus of 1639”, Astronomy Now, 3 (1989), nr. 11, 23-26.

Allan Chapman, “Jeremiah Horrocks, the Transit of Venus, and the ‘New Astronomy’ in Early Seventeenth-Century England”, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 31 (1990), 333-357 – reprinted in: Allan Chapman, Astronomical Instruments and Their Users: Tycho Brahe to William Lassell (Ashgate Publishing Limited, Aldershot, 1996 [= Variorum Collected Studies Series, nr. CS530), nr. V.

Nicholas Kollerstrom, “Crabtree’s Venus-Transit Measurement”, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 32 (1991), 51.

Allan Chapman, Jeremiah Horrocks and Much Hoole (St Michael’s Church, Much Hoole, 1994) – 13 pp.

J. Donald Fernie, “The Extraordinary and Short-Lived Career of Jeremiah Horrocks”, American Scientist, 84 (1996), 114-117 – reprinted in J. Donald Fernie, Setting Sail for the Universe: Astronomers and their Discoveries (Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick [etc.], 2002), pp. 108-114.

Eli Maor, “Jeremiah Horrocks and the 1639 Transit of Venus”, Orion, 61 (2003), 12-15 [nr. 314].

Paul Marston, Jeremiah Horrocks: Young Genius & First Venus Transit Observer (University of Central Lancashire, Preston, 2004) – 40 pp.

Peter Aughton, The Transit of Venus: The Brief, Brilliant Life of Jeremiah Horrocks, Father of British Astronomy (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 2004) – xiii+210 pp.

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